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BASIC RULES FOR CHILD CARE

  • GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS:
  • Feed your baby when he is in need for breastfeeding. Breastfeeding may be between one to two hours or every five hours. You should sit in a comfort position during the feeding.
  • Don’t put the baby in a sitting position or in the bed while the milk bottle in his mouth, it could lead to suffocation easily.
  • Make your child’s belch once at least during lactation and in the end of feeding as it may cause colic if didn’t belching or he may vomits a little bit of milk after feeding or when belching and this is a normal occurrence.
  • BREAST FEEDING:
  • Breastfeeding is the best type of feeding for the baby, the mother’s milk contains all the nutrients needed, in addition to the bacteria-resistant material contained in the mother’s body and that helps and protects them from disease.
  • The amount of breast milk secreted may seem insufficient at the beginning. Don’t be upset because that is all the quantity needed by the baby at that age.
  • Continue to breastfeed the baby and you will have a lot of milk within a few days.
  • Leave the baby suck all the milk located in one of the breasts before giving him the other breast.
  • Baby may be don’t want to suck the other breast each time of feeding and this is normal, change the starting breast in every feed.
  • When your baby will finish, he will leave the breast automatically. If you pull the breast from your baby mouth it will hurt you. Put your finger gently in the corner of the mouth of the baby if you want him to leave the breast.
  • Put a little amount of your milk on the nipple before and after every feed.
  • BOTTLE FEEDING: Your doctor will advise you which type of milk recommended for your baby.
  • PREPARATION OF BOTTLE FEEDING:
  • Always wash your hands with soap and water before holding the baby milk bottle.
  • Put the milk in a clean bottle and use clean nipple, the correct way to clean bottles and nipples are as follows:
  1. Wash the bottles and nipples with hot water and soap.
  2. Wash the bottles in a large covered saucepan for 10 minutes, put the pot with nipples and bottles then let them boil for 5 more minutes.
  3. Leave the bottles and nipples to cool in the covered pot.
  • PREPARATION OF THE MILK:
  • Prepare the milk according to the written instructions on the milk container and use fresh boiled cooled water.
  • Sit in a comfortable position for you and your baby. Put the baby head higher than the stomach and the bottle nipple down in order to be full of milk.
  • Help the baby to belch once at least through the feed and at the end.
  • Rinse the bottle and the nipple immediately after feeding the baby.
  • Discard the remaining milk in the bottle if the baby didn’t drink whole milk in one feed.
  • Don’t store milk for the next feed because the bacteria will grow and cause illness for your baby.
  • JUICE AND RIGID FOOD:

During the first four months of age usually your baby doesn’t require any food except your milk or the milk for children. The juice and rigid food may disturb his stomach. The doctor will advise you when you can start with the rigid foods.

  • CRYING:
  • The baby may cry for attention or may be need to change the diaper.
  • The crying is the only way for your baby to alert you that he needs your interest.
  • SLEEPING:
  • Babies slept most of the time between feedings.
  • When you are putting the baby on the bed to sleep after feeding or at night make sure that he is sleeping on his back or on one side, because researches has shown that some of infant mortality caused by sleeping on their stomachs.
  • Don’t leave your baby sleeps more than five hours once during the day time. if he sleeps for long period during the day, he will not sleep during the night while you are in need for comfort to regain your strength.

 

  • WRAPPING THE BABY:

It may cause twisting and hip dislocation and causing for the baby breathing difficulties so it is advisable not to wrap the baby to grow normally.

 

  • BABY BATH:
  1. Use warm water. Put your hand in the water to be sure that the water not hot or cold than necessary.
  2. Use the baby care products for the eyes and mouth before the bath.
  3. Carefully dry the baby body with attention to dry all tucks and joints. Take care of the umbilical cord and clean it carefully.
  4. Use a little of baby oil if the skin is dry.
  5. Don’t insert cotton balls or anything else in the baby’s ear or nose as it may hurt him.
  6. Wash only the external parts of the ears and nostrils.
  • UMBILICAL CORD CARE:
  1. Umbilical cord usually dries up and falls within a period of between ten days till two weeks.
  2. Don’t try to drag it or extracted and don’t use strips to link it.
  3. Make sure to keep the cord dry at all times.
  4. First, wash your hands every time you change the diaper before.
  5. Bend the diaper under the umbilical cord so you can keep it exposed to the air to dry.
  6. After the cord fall it may get a slight bleeding from the navel or a short period. If this putrid smell of bleeding or if the bleeding continued more than two days, take your child to the doctor.
  7. Don’t put any home remedy on the umbilical cord stump.
  • CHILD FAECES:
  1. During the week or the first two weeks the baby may pass stool whenever you feed.
  2. After the first two weeks the baby may defecate from four to five times a day or once every two days.
  3. If the child didn’t defecate for two or three days and seemed annoyed, show him to the doctor.
  • YELLOWING OF THE SKIN OR EYES:
  • In some normal babies the color of the skin and eyes are yellow during the first few days of their lives.
  • Tell your doctor if you are tensed from that as he is able to answer any questions you have.
  • SNEEZING, HICCUPS, AND COLIC:
  • Frequent sneezing and hiccups are familiar with the most of babies. Don’t have to worry because of them. But if you felt that your baby sneezes due to colds show him to the doctor.
  • Colic or abdominal pain is because of crying or nausea during lactation. Show your baby to the doctor if you felt that the colic disturbing him and if you help your baby to belch during and after lactation then it will be less to have colic.
  • CHANGING THE DIAPER:
  1. Change the baby diaper immediately if it became wet or dirty as it can bother the baby or cause rashes for him.
  2. Always wash the diaper site with warm water and soft soap whenever you change the diaper. Dry the baby skin well especially with skin folds before putting a new diaper.
  3. If the baby develop rashes in the diaper area. You must maintain this area clean and dry as much as possible. See your doctor if these rashes continued.
  • DOCTOR VISIT:
  • When you leave the hospital with your baby you should have an appointment with the doctor. It is very important to visit the doctor in order to bring the baby with you to be examined. The doctor will advise to show the baby to him on regular basis to make sure that he grows normally.
  • Come always on time to visit the doctor in order to maintain the health of your baby.
  • VACCINATION:
  • Vaccination is very important as it will help to protect the baby from many diseases so it is necessary to take the regularly scheduled doses of vaccination.
  • When you leave the hospital the nurse will give you the schedule of your baby’s vaccinations so, you must maintain it and take care to come on the dates of vaccinations recorded in the table of vaccines.
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