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G6PD

 (GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE) DEFICIENCY

 

G6PD deficiency is an inherited condition. It is when the body does not have enough of an enzyme called G6PD. This enzyme helps red blood cells work properly. A lack of this enzyme can cause hemolytic anemia. This is when the red blood cells breakdown faster than they made.

CAUSES:

G6PD deficiency is inherited. This means it is passed down from parents through their genes.

Women who carry one copy of the gene can pass G6PD to their children.

  • Men who get the gene have G6PD deficiency.
  • Women who get the gene are carriers. This often don’t have symptoms. But they can pass the gene onto their children.

SYMPTOMS OF HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA:

G6PD can cause hemolytic anemia. This is when the red blood cells breakdown faster than they are made. Symptoms include:

  • pale skin.
  • yellowing of the skin, eyes, and mouth (jaundice).
  • dark colored urine.
  • fever.
  • weakness. 
  • dizziness.
  • confusion.
  • trouble with physical activity.
  • increased heart rate.
  • heart murmur.

DIAGNOSIS:

G6PD can be diagnosed by simple blood test. And this may need if:

  • your family is coming from an area where this condition is common.
  • you have family history of G6PD deficiency
  • you have an un known form of anemia. This test may repeat to make accurate diagnosis.

TREATMENT:

In most cases G6PDdoes not cause problem. Problems may occur if you are exposed to medicines or foods that may harm your blood cells. Depending on your gene flaw, you may handle small amount of these exposures.

The physician will figure out the best treatment based on:

  • your age, overall health, and medical history.
  • how sick you are.
  • how well you can handle certain medicines, procedures, or therapies.
  • how long the condition is expected to last.
  • your opinion or preference.

LIVING WITH G6PD DEFICIENCY.

If you have condition, you will need to avoid things that can trigger hemolytic anemia. These include:

  • Aspirin, and products that have aspirin.
  • certain antibiotics.
  • fava beans.
  • Moth balls.

 

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